हिन्दी | English
trti.cg@nic.in 0771-2960530

Special Backward Tribes of Chhattisgarh

" Abujhmadia "

The Abujhmadia tribes reside in Narayanpur, Dantewada and Abujhmad areas of Bijapur district. Orchha can be called the gateway to Abujhmad. The total population of this tribe as of 2002 was 19401. At present, their population has increased to more than 22 thousand.

There is no historical record regarding the origin of the Abujhmadia tribe. On the basis of legends, Madiya Gond caste-loving couple ran away from social fear and came to this inaccessible area and got married and settled there. Due to their descendants living in the Abuzhmad region, they were called Abujhmadiya. Madia Gond, who normally resides in the Abujhmad region, is called Abujhmadiya.

The village of the Abujhmadia tribe lives mainly in the foothills or valleys of the hills. Abuzmadia people who were completely dependent on panda agriculture were inhabited temporarily. The agricultural place for Penda agriculture is called ‘Kaghai’. When trees and shrubs around 'Kaghai' were used, they again selected new 'Kaghai' and settled the village. Presently, due to the ban on Penda agriculture by the government, permanent villages have started settling.

Learn More


" Kamar "

The Kamar tribes reside mainly in Gariaband, Chura, Mainpur in Gariaband district and Nagri and Magarlod development blocks of Dhamtari district. Some of their families are also residing in Mahasamund and Bagbahara development blocks of Mahasamund district. This tribe has been given the status of "Special Backward Tribes" by the Government of India. According to the 2011 census, their population in the state is 2453. These include 13070 males and 13460 females.

The Kamar tribe traces its origin to Devdongar village of Mainpur development block. Their biggest deity "Vamana Dev" is still enshrined in the "Vaman Dongri" of Devdongar.

The houses of the people of this tribe are made of grass thatch or mud. There is a door for entering the house, which is made of wooden or bamboo. Thatch grass is of straw or rag.Walls are Painted with white clay. The floor is made of clay, which women plunge with cow dung. Household items mainly include mill, grain storage, bamboo baskets, soup, mats, pottery, cots, pestle bamboo utensil making tools, mulching and weaving clothes, farming tools like - gait, shovel, sickle, Ax etc. People of this tribe used to hunt, arrow-bow and fishing net are often found in homes. Men and women daily clean teeth by datun and take bath.

Learn More


" Baiga "

Baiga is a special backward tribe of Chhattisgarh. In Chhattisgarh, their population in census 2011 shows 89744. The people of Baiga tribe in the state are mainly found in Kawardha and Bilaspur districts. Their main population resides in Dindori, Mandla, Jabalpur, Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh.

There is no historical evidence regarding the origin of the Baiga tribe. In Russell, Grierson, etc., they are considered to be a separate group of Bhumiya, Bhuiya. According to legends, Brahma ji created the universe and then produced two people. One was given a "plow" by Brahma. He started farming with "Nagar" and was called Gond. Brahmaji gave the "tangia" (ax) to the other. He went to the forest cutting with an ax, because there was no cloth at that time, so it was called Nanga Baiga. The people of Baiga tribe consider these as their ancestors.

The people of Baiga tribe live in inaccessible places of hilly and forest area along with Gonds, Bhumia etc. Their houses are of clay, on which there is a thatch of grass or thatch. Paint the walls with white or yellow soil. The floor of the house is filled with dung and mud. Their house holds a house of clay, a pestle "pestle", "bahna", a grain grinder "janta", bamboo baskets, soup, kitchen utensils, aluminum, some brass utensils , Clothes to be worn, arrows, bow, tangia, fishing lamina, dhutti, instruments include drums, drums, nets, etc.

Learn More


" Birhor "

The Birhors are a special backward tribe of Chhattisgarh. Most of their population in the country resides in the state of Jharkhand. The population of Chhattisgarh has shown a population of 3104 in the 2011 census. Of these, 1526 were male and 1578 female. People of this tribe reside in Dharmajaygarh, Lailunga, Tamnar development block of Chhattisgarh, in Bagicha, Kansabel, Duldula, Pathalgaon development blocks of Jashpur district, Korba, Podi Upora, Pali development block of Korba district and Kota and Masturi development blocks of Bilaspur district.

There is no historical evidence regarding the origin of the Birhor tribe. They are considered tribes of the Kolarian group. According to the prevailing legend, seven brothers were dropped on the ground by Surya, who came to this country from Khairagarh (Kaimur hill). Four brothers went in the east direction and three brothers stayed in the hill of Raigarh Jashpur. One day, the three brothers went out to fight with the king of the country, and one of the brothers got his head cloth stuck in the tree, considering it an inauspicious sign, he went into the forest and started cutting down the thick shrubs of the forest. The remaining two brothers went to war with the king and defeated him in battle. While he was returning, he saw his brother cutting "Chop" (bush) in the forest and started calling him Birhor (man of the forest). He proudly said that yes I am birhor and that person started living in the forest. His children also started to be called Birhor. In Mundari language "Bir" means forest or shrub and "Hor" means man. Birhor can mean a man of the jungle or a man who cuts a bush.

Learn More


" Pahari Korwa "

In Chhattisgarh, special backward tribes reside in Jashpur, Surguja, Balrampur and Korba districts. According to the survey year 2005-06, their total population was 34122. At present, their population has increased to more than 40 thousand. Historical evidence regarding the origin of the Pahari Korva tribe is not available. Kalonil Dalton considered them to be a caste derived from the Kolarian group. Based on legends, they trace their origins to Ram-Sita. During exile, Ram-Sita and Lakshman were passing by a paddy field. To protect the crop from animals and birds, a mannequin effigy was caught with a bow and arrow and placed in the rams of the field. Sita ji thought to curse in the mind. He asked Rama to give life to that effigy. Rama made the effigy a man. This effigy was the ancestor of the Korwa tribe. According to another belief, Shankar created the universe. After that, with the idea of ​​creating humans in the world, he made two humans from the Kala and Bala festivals of Ratanpur state. The name of a human made out of the soil of Kala Parvat is named Kila and the name of a human made out of the soil of Bala Mountain. Subsequently, Shankar Ji constructed two female idols named Siddhi and Wisdom. Kaila married Siddhi, who had three children, the first son was named Kol, the second son was named Korva and the third son was Kodaku. Korwa also had two sons. A son went into the mountain and cut down the forests and started cultivating dahiya, the hill was called Korwa. The second son cleared the forest and started permanent farming through the plow, called Dihari Korwa.

Learn More


" Bhunjiya "

The Bhunjiya tribe is mainly found in the Gariaband, Dhamtari and Mahasamund districts of the state. As per census 2011, the population of Bhujia tribe in Chhattisgarh state is 10603. Among them, the sex ratio is 1029. Their literacy rate is 50.93 percent of which male literacy is 64.19 and female literacy is 38.04 percent.

The Chaukhutia Bhunjiya and Chinda Bhunjiya are two subcastes of the Bhunjiya tribe. According to the belief, the origin of the Chakhutia Bhunjiya tribe is believed to be from the marriage of Halba man and Gond woman, while Rizle has assumed the origin of Chinda Bhunjiya from the Binjhwar and Gond tribes. According to another concept, due to burning in the fire, they came to be called Bhunjiya.

The Bhunjiya tribe resides in the villages along with the Gond, Kamar etc. communities of the area. Their houses usually consist of 02-03 rooms. The houses are often made of clay. Flooring is done daily with dung mud. The Bhujia tribes take special care of the cleanliness and hygiene of their habitat. Chaukhutia Bhunjiya people build a separate house in their houses called as Randha Ghar, whose roof is usually of grass and painted with the special kind of red soil found in the area. Which is seen separately. Among them, the Randha Ghar is called "Lal Bangla". In connection with the "Lal Bangla", it is believed that this place is of their deity. No one can touch this Randha Ghar other than the caste member.

Learn More


" Gond "

The derivation of the word Gond is believed to be from the Kond of the Telugu (Dravidian) language. That is, people living in Kond (mountain) are called Gonds. The Gond caste was ruled and dominated by the Gondwana region of Madhya Pradesh. Rani Durgavati was the heroic female ruler of this tribe.

Primitive agriculture, hunting, Wild produce storage were the mainstay of their livelihood. The sub-castes like Abuzhmadia, Dandami Maria etc. used to do Penda agriculture. Other subcastes do sustainable agriculture.

Prioritizes marriage with maternal uncle or aunt's girl. The girl's father is given cereal, pulses, oil, jaggery, turmeric, bride's clothes and cash in the form of a expense or suk. Budhadeva, Thakur Dev, Budhimai, Badapen, Aangadeva, Dantheeshwari Mai etc. are their main deities. They celebrate Hareli, Pola, Nawakhani, Dussehra, Diwali, Holi etc. as major festivals.

Kakasar dance in Bastar, Dantewada; Karma dance in Sarguja, Kawardha, Bilaspur, Raipur; women perform Suva dance. Folk songs include Karama, Dadriya, Suva, Phag, marriage songs etc. This tribe has its own dialect Gondi or Koyatur.


Provisional figures

Sno. Name of PTG Code District Code Block Code Total village council /
Municip.
Total Surveyed
Village / Town
Total Family Male Female Total Population
1. Abujhmadia 1 Narayanpur 17 Narayanpur 107 64 13 154 344 382 726
2. Abujhmadia 1 Narayanpur 17 Orchha 108 39 236 4631 11084 11499 22583
Total 39 236 4631 11084 11499 22583
1. Baiga 2 Bilaspur 8 Gorella-2 (Pendra R) 35 50 17 2095 4113 3893 8006
2. Baiga 2 Bilaspur 8 Kota 36 101 32 1520 2646 2522 5168
3. Baiga 2 Bilaspur 8 Takhatpur 39 117 2 60 110 137 247
4. Baiga 2 Kabirdham 9 Bodla 73 142 184 6635 13976 13459 27435
5. Baiga 2 Kabirdham 9 Pandaria 75 146 78 4625 8710 8534 17244
6. Baiga 2 Koria 2 Bharatpur 95 64 84 5155 7963 8030 15993
7. Baiga 2 Koria 2 Khadgawana 96 64 24 355 634 579 1213
8. Baiga 2 Koria 8 Manendragarh 97 58 23 437 795 741 1536
9. Baiga 2 Mungeli 22 Lormi 104 134 41 2358 4257 4114 8371
10. Baiga 2 Rajnandgaon 10 Chhuikhadan 123 107 39 1348 2282 2270 4552
Total 983 524 24588 45486 44279 89765
1. Birhor 3 Bilaspur 8 Kota 36 101 04 104 163 174 337
2. Birhor 3 Bilaspur 8 Mastoori 38 126 02 39 57 66 123
3. Birhor 3 Jashpur 4 Bagicha 65 86 4 58 99 83 182
4. Birhor 3 Jashpur 4 Duldula 66 30 1 16 29 27 56
5. Birhor 3 Jashpur 4 Kansabel 68 37 4 28 49 53 102
6. Birhor 3 Jashpur 4 Kunkuri 69 52 1 25 36 37 73
7. Birhor 3 Jashpur 4 Patthalgaon 71 83 2 36 57 57 114
8. Birhor 3 Korba 6 Kartala 89 73 3 13 21 20 41
9. Birhor 3 Korba 6 Korba 91 72 9 145 226 220 446
10. Birhor 3 Korba 6 Pali 92 91 11 160 241 258 499
11. Birhor 3 Korba 6 Podi Uproda 93 100 12 188 284 275 559
12. Birhor 3 Raigarh 5 Dharamjaigarh 110 123 17 219 333 350 683
13. Birhor 3 Raigarh 5 Gharghoda 111 42 2 13 30 22 52
14. Birhor 3 Raigarh 5 Lailunga 113 73 3 23 36 47 83
15. Birhor 3 Raigarh 5 Tamnar 117 61 3 49 64 78 142
योग 1150 78 1116 1725 1767 3492
1. Kamar 4 Balodabazar 20 Kasdol 9 110 2 40 79 80 159
2. Kamar 4 Dhamtari 14 Dhamtari 44 90 5 20 41 45 86
3. Kamar 4 Dhamtari 14 Magarload 46 64 26 448 809 827 1636
4. Kamar 4 Dhamtari 14 Nagari 47 99 88 1243 2330 2407 4737
5. Kamar 4 Gariyaband 21 Chhura 51 74 59 1092 2087 1995 4082
6. Kamar 4 Gariyaband 21 Fingeshwar 53 72 18 205 361 352 713
7. Kamar 4 Gariyaband 21 Gariyaband 54 59 71 2005 3477 3517 6994
8. Kamar 4 Gariyaband 21 Mainpur 55 73 51 1437 2282 2235 4523
9. Kamar 4 Kanker 15 Narharpur 83 66 13 79 143 151 294
10. Kamar 4 Kondagaon 25 Bade Rajpur 84 42 1 10 20 17 37
11. Kamar 4 Mahasamund 13 Bagbahara 99 110 32 390 687 703 1390
12. Kamar 4 Mahasamund 13 Mahasamund 101 104 41 461 827 864 1691
13. Kamar 4 Mahasamund 13 Pithoura 102 123 2 44 85 82 166
Total 1086 409 7474 13234 13275 26509
1. Pahari Korwa 5 Balrampur 27 Balrampur 12 66 9 164 351 347 698
2. Pahari Korwa 5 Balrampur 27 Kusmi 13 68 24 751 1681 1629 3310
3. Pahari Korwa 5 Balrampur 27 Rajpur 14 62 43 1529 2972 2931 5903
4. Pahari Korwa 5 Balrampur 27 Shankargarh 16 50 48 1347 2886 2836 5722
5. Pahari Korwa 5 Jashpur 4 Bagicha 65 86 81 3896 7165 7042 14207
6. Pahari Korwa 5 Jashpur 4 Kunkuri 69 52 1 9 16 16 32
7. Pahari Korwa 5 Jashpur 4 Manora 70 40 12 238 494 523 1017
8. Pahari Korwa 5 Korba 6 Korba 91 72 23 609 1145 1200 2345
9. Pahari Korwa 5 Korba 6 Podi Uproda 93 100 4 33 67 59 126
10. Pahari Korwa 5 Sarguja 3 Ambikapur 140 86 11 298 586 568 1154
11. Pahari Korwa 5 Sarguja 3 Batouli 141 40 16 409 834 811 1645
12. Pahari Korwa 5 Sarguja 3 Lakhanpur 142 70 8 185 370 367 737
13. Pahari Korwa 5 Sarguja 3 Lundra 143 70 62 1053 2193 2087 4280
14. Pahari Korwa 5 Sarguja 3 Mainpaat 111 41 16 354 731 736 1467
15. Pahari Korwa 5 Sarguja 3 Sitapur 145 41 9 190 358 347 705
16. Pahari Korwa 5 Sarguja 3 Udaypur 146 53 5 170 320 313 633
Total 998 372 11235 22169 21812 43981
Grand Total 4320 1632 49198 94042 93014 187056