(Started on 02/09/2004 under the centrally sponsored scheme)
At the time of the formulation of the First Five Year Plan of the Government of India, due to lack of data on the socio-economic status of Scheduled Tribes, Scheduled Castes, their customs, living and other cultural and research facts, there was a difficulty in planning for the development of these classes. Keeping this in mind, the Central Government in 1954 directed the State Governments of Old Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar and West Bengal to establish Tribal Research Institutes under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
The state of Chhattisgarh came into existence on 01 November 2000 under the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act. As per the 2011 census, the percentage of scheduled tribe population in the state of Chhattisgarh is 30.62 %. Keeping in view the population of Scheduled Tribes in the state, the 15th Tribal Research and Training Institute of the country was constituted on 02 September 2004 under the centrally sponsored scheme by the State Government, as per the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India.
The main objectives of the Institute were set out as follows: -
To conduct research work and surveys on the socio- economic, culture ,language and life of Tribals. Conducting Ethnographic ,Anthropological, Monographic and Linguistic studies of tribes and their documentation. To study the problems of Scheduled tribes and suggest measures to the government to resolve them. To assess and evaluate the impact of various Government programs and schemes for tribal development. To resolve issues relating to claims of various castes/communities for inclusion in the list of Scheduled tribes, Scheduled castes and Other backward classes through Ethnographic and Anthropological studies and giving recommendations to the government regarding it. To build repositories of data on tribals to demonstrate and preserve the tribal heritage and culture. To organize National and State level workshops and Seminars on various issues related to Tribal development. To impart trainings and organizing awareness camps for the officials, tribal leaders and elected representatives regarding various Acts, Rules, notifications ,schemes and programs of tribal development. Preparing Perspective Plans for developmental interventions for Scheduled Tribes, Scheduled castes and OBC as and when asked for by government. To organize Fair, Exhibition and Festivals to promote tribal culture and promoting tribal heritage. To publish, collect and conserve literature and books on tribes and maintaining a library to facilitate tribal studies. Examination, verification and scrutiny of caste certificates when asked by the High Powered committee on Castes Certificates by the Government.